ME6206 Special Topic in Buddhist Studies: Theory of Buddhist Meditation: From Early Buddhism to Early Mahāyāna

Info

Type: 
Regular Lecture
Period: 
Dec 01, 2014 – Aprial 04, 2015
Time: 
1.30p.m. - 4.30p.m.
Day(s): 
Thursday
Classroom: 
Postgraduate Study Room
Webpage: 
http://elibrary.ibc.ac.th/korat/lecture/meditation
Lecturer: 

Dr. Fa Qing

Course Description

A study of Buddhist meditation as an integral part of the Buddhist religious doctrine which is directed to mental purification and liberation. The study will involve Buddhist meditational practices in the Early Buddhism (Pāli Nikāya and Chinese Āgama), Theravāda, Sarvāstivāda and Early Mahāyāna, the therapeutic effects and psychological aspects of Buddhist meditation, and the higher reaches of mind in Jhanic experience and their relevance to Buddhist spiritual life.

Please submit your Term Paper at:
http://korat.ibc.ac.th/exam/Assignment

Weekly Reading Assignment
01: Anālayo. “Mindfulness in Early Buddhism.” Journal of Buddhist Studies ( 2013, Colombo),Vol. XI.
02: M10: Satipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ (attached files: 02-M10.docx, mn.010.sclo_.mp3)
03: S. 54. Ānāpānasaṃyutta and M118: Ānāpānasati Sutta (for audio files, see http://bodhimonastery.org/a-systematic-study-of-the-majjhima-nikaya.html )
04. Meditation suttas in Aṅguttara Nikāya
05. Visudhimagga (book can be downloaded at http://korat.ibc.ac.th/ebooks/visudhimagga)
Meditation Objects: Death, Elements
06. Meditation Objects: Impurity, Others (download Ven. Dhammajoti's article on Sarvastivada Asubha )
07. Read, KL. Dhammajoti. "The Doctrine of the Six-stage Mindfulness of Breathing." In Dhammajoti, KL and Karunadasa, Y (Eds.), Buddhist and Pali studies: in honour of the Venerable Professor Kakkapalliye Anuruddha, p. 639-650. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong, 2009. (download here )
08. Kumarajiva's Meditation Texts. Reading: Fa Qing, “Mindfulness of Breathing (ānāpānasmṛti) in Kumārajīva's Meditation Texts” International Buddhist College 10th Anniversary Seminar 2014: Kumārajīva – the Great Translator. 6 Sep. 2014, Shan Alam Buddhist Society, Malaysia.
09. Read: Chan Yiu-wing. An English Translation of the Dharmatrāra-Dhyāna-Sūtra, pp69-74. Download the book here.
10 Early Mahayana Meditation. Read; Willemen, Charles. Outlining the Way to Reflect. Download the book here.
11 Early Mahayana Meditation in China. Read: Bhikshu Dharmamitra. Trans. The Essentials of Buddhist Meditation. Seattle: Kalavinka Press, 2009. Download the book here. (Type Buddha to open the PDF)
12 Read: Fa Qing. "The Śamatha and Vipaśyanā in Tian Tai." Poh Ming Tse SYMPOSIUM 2013 : One Master Three Meditative Traditions. Singapore, August 30, 2013. (pdf file attached)
13 Read Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rimpoche. Progressive Stage of Meditation on Emptiness. Oxford: Longchen Foundation, 1988. Download the book here.
14 Anālayo. "The Ancient Roots of the U Ba Khin Vipassanā Meditation." Journal of Buddhist Studies (JCBSSL Vol. IV). Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka. pp.259-269. Download here.
15. Sayagyi U Ba Khin. The Essentials of Buddha-Dhamma in Meditative Practice. Pariyatti Publishing, PDF ebook, 2012. Web. 25 Feb. 2015 http://host.pariyatti.org/treasures/Essentials_of_Buddha_Dhamma.pdf
16 Mahāsi Sayādaw. Practical Insight Meditation. PDF ebook. Web. 25 Feb. 2015 http://aimwell.org/mahasi.html

Note: There are so much books written on Buddhism meditation. Our studies will be based on reading primary sources: Pali Nikāya, Chinese Āgama, Theravāda Abhidhamma, Sarvāstivāda Abhidharma, Early Chinese translations from Kumārajīva and others.
Early Buddhism (Pali Nikāya and Chinese Āgma) Meditation

References
A=Aṅguttara Nikāya. Bhikkhu Bodhi. trans. The numerical discourses of the Buddha : a translation of the Aṅguttara Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications, 2012.
D=Dīgha Nikāya. Walshe, Maurice. trans. The long discourses of the Buddha : a translation of the Dīgha Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications, 1995.
M=Majjhima Nikāya. Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi. trans. The middle length discourses of the Buddha: a new translation of the Majjhima Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications, 1995.
S= Saṃyutta Nikāya. Bhikkhu Bodhi. trans. The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: a new translation of the Saṃyutta Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications, 2000.

D22 Mahāsatipaṭṭhāna sutta.
M10 Satipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ;
M118 Ānāpānasatisuttaṃ.

“Ānāpānasatisuttaṃ: The Discourse on Mindfulness of In and Out Breathing.” Majjhima Nikāya – 118. Translation by Khantijayo Bhikkhu, 2004. Web. 15 Aug. 2014
Anālayo. Satipaṭṭhāna: the Direct Path to Realization. Birmingham: Windhorse Publications, 2003.
Kuan, Tse-fu. Mindfulness in early Buddhism: new approaches through psychology and textual analysis of Pali, Chinese, and Sanskrit sources. London: Routledge, 2008.

Theravada
Gunaratana, Henepola. A Critical Analysis of the Jhanas in Theravada Buddhist Meditation. Dissertation. The American University, 1980.
Nyanaponika Thera. The Heart of Buddhist Meditation: A handbook of mental training based on the Buddha's way. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, 2005.

Sarvāstivāda Meditation
Chan, Yiu-wing. An English Translation of the Dharmatrāra-Dhyāna-Sūtra—With Annotation and a Critical Introduction. Dissertation. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2009.
Suen, Stephen. Methods of spiritual praxis in the Sarvāstivāda: A Study Primarily Based on the Abhidharma-mhāvibhāṣā. Dissertation. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2013.
KL., Dhammajoti “The Sixteen-mode Mindfulness of Breathing.” Journal of Buddhist Studies ( 2008, Colombo), vol. VI. 251-288.
----. “The doctrine of the six-stage mindfulness of breathing.” In Dhammajoti, KL and Karunadasa, Y (Eds.), Buddhist and Pali studies: in honour of the Venerable Professor Kakkapalliye Anuruddha, p. 639-650. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong, 2009.
----. “The aśubhā Meditation in the Sarvāstivāda.” Journal of Buddhist Studies ( 2009, Colombo), vol. VII. 248-295.
Willemen, Charles. Outlining the Way to Reflect. Mumbai: Somaiya Publications, 2012.
Early Mahāyāna/Central Asia/Chinese
Deleanu, Florin. “Mindfulness of Breathing in the Dhyāna Sūtras.” Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan (TICOJ) 37, 1992, 42-57. http:// ahandfulofleaves.files. wordpress.com/ 2012/02/mindfulness-of-breathing-in-the-dhayana-sutra_florin-deleanu_1992.pdf

Course Organization
1. Introduction to the course and general survey of the Buddhist Meditation
2. Meditation Instructions in Early Nikayas and Agamas I
3. Meditation Instructions in Early Nikayas and Agamas II
4. Outline of Meditation Theory in the Theravada Abhidharma
5. Outline of Meditation Theory in the Sarvastivada
6. The Sixteen-mode Mindfulness of Breathing
7. The Six-stage mindfulness of breathing
8. Reading Sarvastivada Meditation Texts I
9. Reading Sarvastivada Meditation Texts II
10. Early Mahayanada Meditation Texts
11. Mahayana Meditation Texts
12. Meditation texts in early Chinese Buddhist Schools
13. Application of Meditation Theory in the Modern times
14. Students Presentation
15. Review

Assessment
1 Final Examination 60 %
2 Presentation 10 %
3 Term Paper 30 %

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