The Wisdom of Nagarjuna
All Buddhist schools have denied the existence of the self as an identical permanent substance. They have also universally rejected the notion of a supreme God. They have however accepted the reality of pre-existence and subsequent rebirth as well as the provisional efficiency of actions (Karma). Those who adhere to the doctrine of the self have opposed this view, because as they contend, denial of an identical permanent self controverts the efficiency of actions and the doctrine of rebirth. The Buddhist schools have replied to this objection with the doctrine of Interdependent Origination. This and other topics are dealt with in ‘Causality and Emptiness – The Wisdom of Nagarjuna‘ by Peter Della Santina.